|Abstract / Summary
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common and successful treatment of patients suffering from severe osteoarthritis that significantly reduces pain and improves hip function and quality of life. Traditionally, the outcome of THA has been evaluated by orthopaedic surgeons and assessed in morbidity and mortality rates, and implant survival. As patients and surgeons may assess outcome after THA differently, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) have gained much more interest and are today recognized as very important tools for evaluating the outcome and satisfaction after THA. One of the prognostic factors for the outcome of THA is the type of bearings. This PhD thesis focuses on the influence of different types of bearings on implant survival, revision causes, PROs, and noises from THA.
The aims of the thesis were:
Study I: To examine the revision risk and to investigate the causes of revision of cementless ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) THAs comparing them to those of “standard” metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) THAs.
Study II: To compare the six-year revision risk for metal-on-metal (MoM) with that for MoP bearings in cementless stemmed THA, and further to study the revision risk for different designs of stemmed MoM THAs and the causes of revision.
Study III: To examine the association between CoC, MoM, and MoP bearings and both generic and disease-specific PROs, and furthermore to examine the incidence and types of noises from the three types of bearings and identify the effect of noises on PROs.
In study I and III, we used data from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry combined with data from the Civil Registration System and the Danish National Patient Registry. In study II, data from the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association, containing data from hip arthroplasty registries in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland, was used.
In study I, 11,096 patients operated from 2002 through 2009 with cementless THA were included. Of these, 16% had CoC THA and 84% had MoP THA. At 8.7-year follow-up, no difference in RR of revision for any cause was found for CoC compared to MoP THA. One cause of revision related only to CoC THA is ceramic fracture. Medical records were reviewed for patients who had revision surgery due to component failure, and six patients (0,34%) had been revised due to ceramic fracture. No other difference in prevalence of causes of revision was found when comparing CoC to MoP THA.
Study II included 32,678 patients who were operated from 2002 through 2010 with cementless stemmed THA with either MoM bearings (11,567 patients, 35%) or MoP bearings (21,111 patients, 65%). At six-year follow-up, the RR of revision for any cause was significantly higher for MoM compared to MoP THA. When comparing different combinations of cup/stem with MoM to MoP bearings, there was an increased RR of revision for any cause for the ASR/Summit, ASR/Corail, and “other” combinations. There was a higher prevalence of revision due to aseptic loosening for MoM compared to MoP THA. In contrast, the prevalence of revision due to dislocation was lower for MoM THA.
In study III, a set of questionnaires including HOOS, EQ-5D, UCLA activity score, and a questionnaire about noises from the THA was send to patients having THA with CoC, MoM, or MoP bearings. The response rate was 85% and among the 3,089 patients responding, 45% received CoC, 17% MoM, and 38% MoP THA. No differences in mean subscale scores were found for CoC and MoM compared to MoP THA, except for CoC THA that had a lower mean HOOS Symptoms score than MoP THA. 27% of patients with CoC, 29% of patients with MoM, and 12% of patients with MoP bearings had experienced noises from the THA. For the three types of bearings, PROs from patients with noisy THA were significantly lower when compared to silent MoP THA, except for noisy CoC and MoM THA that had the same mean UCLA activity score as silent MoP THA.